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Aceitunillo, Tique, Olivillo

Aextoxicon punctatum

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Description

it’s an endemic tree from the central/south zone of chile and argentina. globose cup, dark foliage, able to reach an altitude above 20 meters high. it is generally found in humid zones such as chiloé island, being part of the “valdiviano” forest, and of the magellanic forests in the pacific coast.

State of conservation

Vu

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Berberidopsidales

Family

Aextoxicaceae

Foliar regimen

Perenne

Growth

Maximum size: 30 meters.

Relatively fast growth rate

Blooming time

May – June.

Flower color

White, female flowers and male in different individuals.

Sun exposure

Directly exposed to the sun, without any protection, in plane zones or hillsides of north exposition or with little shadow. With sun protection by thin vegetation, rocks, etc.

Temperature

It tolerates low temperatures until -8°C.

Hydric regimen

From areas with constant precipitation, with short dry periods that last for no more than a month, to secano areas, where dry periods without precipitation last from 3-5 months, and rain reaches 400-800 mm during the year, concentrating in winter.

Type of soil

Resists saline soils.

Uses

Ornamental and wood.

Distribution
Habitat and association

From the Limarí province (Coquimbo region) to the Chiloé Island (Los Lagos Region), interior valleys, coastal mountain range, pre andinian mountain range, from 15 to 1000 m.a.s.l.

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