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Algarrobo Chileno

Prosopis chilensis

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Description

It is an arboreal species from South America that inhabits the north/central zone of Chile. It generally grows between 500 and 2500 m.a.s.l. Striking due to its high resistance to dry and adverse conditions, and for its abundant yellow blooming.

State of conservation

Vu

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Berberidopsidales

Family

Fabaceae

Foliar regimen

Semi-deciduous (loses leaves in enormously cold winters)

Growth

Size: from 3 to 12 meters

Fast growing rate: grows up to 2 meters in 18 months. 

Blooming time

September – December

Flower color

Whitish-green and yellowish flowers

Sun exposure

Directly exposed to the sun without protection in plane parts or north exposed hillsides.

Temperature

It does not tolerate cold periods.

Hydric regimen

Secano, from areas where dry periods without rainfall last from 3 to 5 months and rainfall reaches 400 to 800 mm yearly, concentrating in winter, to areas where dry periods without rainfall last from 6 to 8 months and rainfall reaches 100 to 300 mm yearly, concentrating in winter. High tolerance to droughts, ocasional irrigations.

Type of soil

Tolerates saline, poorly dried, well dried, sandy stony and rocky soils.

Uses

Ornamental for urban usage and windbreaker screen, firewood, and in the construction area, as forage. 

Distribution

From the Copiapo province (Atacama region) to the Colchagua province (O’higgins region). Present from the coastal mountain range to the beginning of the Andes mountain range.

Habitat and association

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