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Canelo Mapuche

Drimys winteri

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Description

It is an evergreen tree that inhabits a large part of Chile, from the Coquimbo Region to the southern tip of Tierra del Fuego in the Magallanes Region. It is one of the sacred trees of the Mapuche people and in their language it is called “foye” or “foyke”.

State of conservation

Lc (From Maule Region To The South) In (From O’Higgins Region To The North).

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Magnoliales

Family

Winteraceae

Foliar regimen

Perennial

Growth

Size 20 meters high.

Relatively fast growth rate.

Blooming time

Almost all year round with greater intensity during the spring between the months of October and November.

Flower color

White with yellow center.

Sun exposure

In the shade, on steep slopes with southern exposure.

Temperature

Tolerates temperatures down to -20°c.

Hydric regimen

In secano areas with annual rainfall of 400-800 mm concentrated in winter, without rain for 3-5 months, or in areas with constant rainfall, with short dry periods of no more than 1 month.

Type of soil

It grows in wet and swampy soils, often on the banks of rivers and swamps, and tolerates acid soils.

Uses

In Mapuche culture it has a sacred character, craftsmanship.

Distribution

In Chile, from the region of Coquimbo (Fray Jorge National Park) to the extreme south of Tierra del Fuego (Magallanes region), up to 1700 m.a.s.l.

Habitat and association

It is associated with plum (embothrium coccineum), tepu (tepuaria stipularis), petra (myrceugenia exsucca), luma (amomyrtus luma) and shrubs characteristic of the rainforest.

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