It is a slow-growing tree that grows in southern Chile. Its habitat is located from the mountainous sector of Valdivia to Tierra del Fuego, being the southernmost conifer (and tree) in the world.
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Maximum size 20 meters high.
Slow growth rate.
October to December.
Female cones are globose, brownish. Male cones are short sub cylindrical.
Full sun, flat parts or slopes with northern exposure.
It resists temperatures down to -15°c (even -20°c) and can be covered for months (1 to 8) by snow.
It grows in water or is found with its roots within a permanent watercourse, edges of lakes and swamps. In areas with constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible, but it does not last more than 1 month.
Poorly drained, swampy soils with high humidity.
In Chile it grows between the province of Valdivia (Los Ríos region) and Tierra del Fuego (Magallanes region) at about 600 m.a.s.l. and also towards the coast in low and generally very swampy areas.
It is associated with larch (fitzroya cupressoides), lenga (nothofagus pumilio), ñirre (nothofagus antarctica), white coihue (nothofagus betuloides) and coihue (nothofagus nitida).