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Ñirre, Haya Antártica

Nothofagus antarctica

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Description

It is a native tree of the Andean Patagonian forest that is distributed between the regions of O’Higgins and Magallanes. It grows mainly in thin soils and with low temperatures almost all year round. The wood of this tree is mainly used for firewood.

State of conservation

Without information.

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Fagales

Family

Nothofagaceae.

Foliar regimen

Deciduous

Growth

Maximum size: 10 to 25 meters.

Growth rate: Fast.

Blooming time
Flower color

Unshowy greenish-yellow flower.

Sun exposure

To full sun without any protection. Flat parts or slopes with northern exposure.

Temperature

Resists temperatures down to -15°c (even -20°c). It can be covered for months (1 to 8) by snow.

Hydric regimen

Areas with constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible but do not last more than 1 month.

Type of soil

It grows in poor quality, flooded soils.

Uses

Ornamental, sometimes as fuel.

Distribution

From the Maule region to the Magallanes region, from 500 – 2000 ma.s.l.

Habitat and association

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