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Palma Chilena

Jubaea chilensis

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Description

It is endemic to a small area of central Chile, between the Coquimbo and Maule regions. It is most abundant in the Valparaíso region and can be found in its natural environment on hills near the coast, such as in the surroundings of Valparaíso. It is protected under Decree Law No. 701 of 1974, which establishes that logging or exploitation must be carried out according to a management plan approved by the National Forestry Corporation (CONAF).

State of conservation

Vulnerable (VU).

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Arecales

Family

Arecaceae

Foliar regimen

Perennial

Growth

Maximum size: 30 meters.

Growth rate: Very slow.

Blooming time

It starts from June-July to November.

Flower color

Male flower, yellowish-red perigonium. Female flower slightly larger.

Sun exposure

To full sun without any protection. Flat parts or slopes with northern exposure.

Temperature

It tolerates frosts down to -18°c and up to more than 40°c.

Hydric regimen

Secano areas, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 3-5 months. Rainfall reaches 400 – 800 mm per year, concentrated in winter to dry areas, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 6 – 10 months and rainfall reaches 100 – 300 mm per year, concentrated in winter.

Type of soil
Uses

Honey, ornamental, edible seed.

Distribution

Between the regions of Coquimbo and Maule.

Habitat and association

Quillaja Saponaria, Lithrea Caustica, Peumus Boldus, Acacia Caven, Cryptocarya Alba, Aristotelia Chilensis, Persea Lingue, Luma Apiculata, Rhaphithamnus Spinosus.

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