Previous
Next

Quillay

Quillaja saponaria

$2500$27000 + IVA

Description

It is an endemic tree of the central zone of Chile that inhabits dry places. It is one of the most important species in the country due to its abundance and wide territorial distribution. Its high flexibility allows it to grow in very varied places, from sunny places to the highest parts of the hills, withstanding drought thanks to its enormous adaptive capacity. Its use in infusion, are used in the treatment of respiratory ailments, especially to treat coughs. This species is widely used for reforestation programs in arid soils. It is also widely used as an ornamental.

State of conservation

Minor Concern

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Fabales

Family

Quillajaceae.

Foliar regimen

Perennial

Growth

Maximum height size 20 meters.

Rapid growth rate.

Blooming time

From October to January.

Flower color

Whitish green.

Sun exposure

To full sun, without any protection. flat parts or slopes with northern exposure. some shade. some protection from the sun by sparse vegetation, rocks, etc. adapted to dry and warm climates, but also found in cooler and wetter places and even withstands snow and frost.

Temperature

It resists low temperatures (-8°c), it can tolerate occasional snowfall and snow cover for a couple of weeks a year.

Hydric regimen

Secano, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 3-5 months. Rainfall reaches 400 – 800 mm per year, concentrated in winter. or in secano areas, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 6 – 10 months. Rainfall reaches 100 – 300 mm per year, concentrated in winter.

Type of soil

Poor soils.

Uses

Ornamental, melliferous, reforestation, industrial and medicinal use.

Distribution

From the province of Limarí (Coquimbo Region) to Malleco (Araucanía Region) in the coastal, central and Andean zones from 15 – 1600 m.a.s.l.

Habitat and association

In the central valley it grows in sunny places and on the slopes of more or less dry and sparsely vegetated hills. Mixed association with acacia caven, lkthrea caustica, schinus polygama, peumus boldus.

You may also like