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Quisco

Echinopsis chiloensis

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Description

This unusual spice is endemic to Chile and grows from the Coquimbo region to the Maule region, on hills of the coastal and mountain ranges. It is a characteristic plant of the sclerophyllous shrubland, frequent on slopes, in dry or stony areas.

State of conservation

No MMA information

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Caryophyllales

Family

Cactaceae

Foliar regimen
Growth

Maximum height size 8 meters.

Slow growth rate.

Blooming time
Flower color

White

Sun exposure

To full sun without any protection. Flat parts or slopes with northern exposure.

Temperature

Resists temperatures of -8°c.

Hydric regimen

Secano, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 3-5 months. Rainfall reaches 400 – 800 mm per year, concentrated in winter. or in secano areas, where the dry period without rainfall lasts 6 – 10 months. Rainfall reaches 100 – 300 mm per year, concentrated in winter.

Type of soil

Very stony to slightly stony soils.

Uses

Ornamental

Distribution

Inland valleys, coastal mountain range, between 500 to 2000 m.a.s.l. from the north of the Coquimbo Region to Talca.

Habitat and association

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