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Raulí

Nothofagus alpina

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Description

Native tree that grows between the regions of Maule and Los Rios. It grows in both mountain ranges, preferably in shadows. It is a species adapted to low temperatures, and its wood is considered one of the best in Chile.

State of conservation

No MMA information

Division

Magnoliophyta

Order

Fagales.

Family

Nothofagaceae

Foliar regimen

Deciduous

Growth

Maximum height size 40 meters.

Slow growth rate.

Blooming time

October to December

Flower color

Green

Sun exposure

In the shade. On steep slopes with southern exposure, deep ravines.

Temperature

It resists temperatures down to -15°c (even -20°c). It can be covered for months (1 to 8) by snow.

Hydric regimen

Areas with constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible but do not last more than 1 month. or secano areas, where the period without rainfall lasts 3-5 months, reaching 400-800 mm per year, concentrated in winter.

Type of soil

Moderately light to moderately heavy soils, depth equal to or greater than 0.50 mt, with good, moderate or excessive drainage, acid to neutral pH (4.5-70).

Uses

Wood, ornamental.

Distribution

From the south of the province of Curicó (Maule region) to the province of Valdivia (Los Ríos region). It grows in both mountain ranges, from 400-1200 m.a.s.l.

Habitat and association

Associated with nothofagus dombeyi, nothofagus obliqua, podocarpus saligna and eucryphia cordifolia.

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