It is endemic to northern Chile, in the Tarapacá region. This species grows in the central plain of the Atacama Desert, in saline soils that do not support other trees, under which there are deep water tables fed from the altiplano.
Maximum height size 18 meters.
Slow growth rate.
To full sun, without any protection. Flat parts or slopes with northern exposure. Some shade.
Resists occasional, not prolonged frosts down to about -5°c.
Extremely arid areas, with very rare rainfall. the dry season lasts 8-12 months and in some years there may be no rainfall at all. rainfall < 100 mm/year.
From the province of Iquique (Tarapacá Region) to the province of El Loa (Antofagasta Region).